「Mŭk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)」調整以後𣍐蜀樣其地方

無編輯摘要
{{Infobox element
[[File:Molybdenum crystaline fragment and 1cm3 cube.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Mŭk]]
|number=42
|symbol=Mo
|name=Molypden
|enname=molybdenum
|laname=molybdenum
|left=[[niobium|Niobi]]
|right=[[technetium|Tecneti]]
|above=[[Gáuk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)|Crom]]
|below=[[Ŭ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)|wolfram]]
|series=guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k
|group=6
|period=5
|block=d
|image name=Molybdenum_crystaline_fragment_and_1cm3_cube.jpg
|appearance=gray metallic
|atomic mass=95.95
|atomic mass ref=<ref name="IUPAC">[http://www.ciaaw.org/atomic-weights.htm Standard Atomic Weights 2013]. [[Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights]]</ref>
|atomic mass 2=1
|atomic mass comment=
|electron configuration=&#91;[[krypton|Kr]]&#93; 4d<sup>5</sup> 5s<sup>1</sup>
|electrons per shell=2, 8, 18, 13, 1
|phase=gó-tā̤
|density gpcm3nrt=10.28
|density gpcm3mp=9.33
|melting point K=2896
|melting point C=2623
|melting point F=4753
|boiling point K=4912
|boiling point C=4639
|boiling point F=8382
|heat fusion=37.48
|heat vaporization=598
|heat capacity=24.06
|vapor pressure 1=2742
|vapor pressure 10=2994
|vapor pressure 100=3312
|vapor pressure 1 k=3707
|vapor pressure 10 k=4212
|vapor pressure 100 k=4879
|vapor pressure comment=
|crystal structure=body-centered cubic
|oxidation states='''6''', 5, '''4''', 3, 2, 1,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://openmopac.net/data_normal/molybdenum(i)%20fluoride_jmol.html|title=Molybdenum: molybdenum(I) fluoride compound data|accessdate=2007-12-10|publisher=OpenMOPAC.net}}</ref> −1, −2, −4
|oxidation states comment=(a&nbsp;strongly [[acid]]ic oxide)
|electronegativity=2.16
|number of ionization energies=3
|ionization energy 1=684.3
|ionization energy 2=1560
|ionization energy 3=2618
|atomic radius=139
|covalent radius=154±5
|magnetic ordering=[[paramagnetic]]
|magnetic ordering ref=<ref>{{cite book |url=http://web.archive.org/web/20110303222309/http://www-d0.fnal.gov/hardware/cal/lvps_info/engineering/elementmagn.pdf|chapter=Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds| editor = Lide, D. R. | title = CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics | edition = 86th | location = Boca Raton (FL) | publisher = CRC Press | year = 2005 | isbn = 0-8493-0486-5 }}
</ref>
|electrical resistivity unit prefix=n
|electrical resistivity at 20=53.4
|thermal conductivity=138
|thermal diffusivity=54.3
|thermal diffusivity ref=<ref>{{cite book|publisher=17th [[PLANSEE|Plansee]] Seminar |title=Measurement of the Thermophysical Properties of Pure Molybdenum | author=Lindemann, A. |author2=Blumm, J. | year=2009 |volume=3 }}</ref>
|thermal expansion at 25=4.8
|speed of sound rod at r.t.=5400
|Young's modulus=329
|Shear modulus=126
|Bulk modulus=230
|Poisson ratio=0.31
|Mohs hardness=5.5
|Vickers hardness=1400–2740
|Brinell hardness=1370–2500
|CAS number=7439-98-7
|isotopes=
{{infobox element/isotopes decay | mn=92 | sym=Mo | na=14.84% | hl=>1.9×10<sup>20</sup>&nbsp;y | dm=([[double beta decay|β<sup>+</sup>β<sup>+</sup>]]) | de=1.6491 | link1=zirconium-92 | pn=92 | ps=Zr}}
{{infobox element/isotopes decay | mn=93 | sym=Mo
| na=[[synthetic radioisotope|syn]] | hl=4&times;10<sup>3</sup>&nbsp;y
| dm=[[electron capture|ε]] | de=– | link1=niobium-93 | pn=93 | ps=Nb}}
{{infobox element/isotopes decay | mn=94 | sym=Mo | na=9.25% | hl=– | dm=([[spontaneous fission|SF]]) | de=<4.485 | pn= | ps= }}
{{infobox element/isotopes decay | mn=95 | sym=Mo | na=15.92% | hl=– | dm=(SF) | de=<4.531 | pn= | ps= }}
{{infobox element/isotopes decay | mn=96 | sym=Mo | na=16.68% | hl=– | dm=(SF) | de=<5.771 | pn= | ps= }}
{{infobox element/isotopes decay | mn=97 | sym=Mo | na=9.55% | hl=– | dm=(SF) | de=<6.226 | pn= | ps= }}
{{infobox element/isotopes decay | mn=98 | sym=Mo | na=24.13% | hl=>1×10<sup>14</sup>&nbsp;y | dm=([[double beta decay|β<sup>−</sup>β<sup>−</sup>]]) | de=0.1125 | link1=ruthenium-98 | pn=98 | ps=Ru}}
{{infobox element/isotopes decay2 | mn=99 | sym=Mo
| na=syn | hl=65.94&nbsp;h
| dm1=[[beta emission|β<sup>−</sup>]] | de1=0.436, 1.214 | link1=technetium-99#technetium-99m | pn1=99m | ps1=Tc
| dm2=[[gamma ray|γ]] | de2=0.74, 0.36,<br/>0.14| pn2= | ps2=–}}
{{infobox element/isotopes decay | mn=100 | sym=Mo
| na=9.63% | hl=7.8&times;10<sup>18</sup>&nbsp;y
| dm=β<sup>−</sup>β<sup>−</sup> | de=3.04 | link1=ruthenium-100 | pn=100 | ps=Ru}}
|isotopes comment=Decay modes in parentheses are predicted, but have not yet been observed
|discovered by=[[Carl Wilhelm Scheele]]
|discovery date=1778
|first isolation by=[[Peter Jacob Hjelm]]
|first isolation date=1781
}}
'''Mŭk''' (鉬) sê siŏh cṳ̄ng [[gĭng-sṳ̆k]], iâ sê siŏh cṳ̄ng [[huá-hŏk nguòng-só]]. [[Nguòng-cṳ̄ sê̤ṳ-só]] sê 42, huá-hŏk hù-hô̤ sê Mo.
 
 
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